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Candle Making Starter Kit Guide
By November 27, 2018 0 Comment

Candle Making Starter Kit Guide

Candle Making Step-By-Step Guide

Before beginning your candle making, please familiarise yourself with the fragrance oil chemicals & hazards, & wear the appropriate PPE (ie apron, goggles, gas mask, gloves) as stated on the Safety Data Sheet.

This kit contains: 

-          1kg of soy wax 

-          50ml of your chosen fragrance oil 

-          1 x liquid dye

-          5 x 20cl candle glasses 

-          5 x wicks (TCR 30/18) 

-          5 x wick dots 

-          5 x candle safety stickers 

You will need to provide: 

-          Microwave, hob or hot plate 

-          Glass heat resistant jug or pan & glass bowl 

-          Weighing scales 

-          Thermometer

-          Cup or mug

-          Pegs or wick centring tools (to keep the wicks straight during the setting period)

-      Utensil to stir wax


Method for microwave:

1.       Cover all surfaces with kitchen roll or something similar, wax can be a pain to be clean!

2.       Apply gloves

3.       Weigh out desired amount of wax 

4.       Pour desired amount of wax into glass jug & set the microwave, checking the wax each 60 seconds

5.       Melt soy wax to 75 degrees Celsius, no hotter

6.       When wax reaches 75 degrees, remove your jug from microwave & place on a safe, even, covered surface

7.       Whilst the wax is cooling, use your wick glue dots to stick your wicks to the bottom of your candle glass, ensuring they are in the middle

8.       Use your thermometer to ensure the wax is 70 degrees celsuis before adding your colour & fragrance oil (colour first, then fragrance oil)

9.       Add your desired amount of colour to the melted wax (we recommend 0.2%) at 70 degrees

10.    Also add your fragrance oil at 70 degrees (we recommend using 6% - 10% - fragrance oil should be weighed in grams on your scales)

11.    Give your wax a good stir, ensuring the colour & fragrance are blended with the wax (stir for 2 mins) 12. Pour your wax into container at approx. 60-65 degrees celsuis

13.    As you are pouring the wax, ensure you are pouring gently & slowly to avoid air bubbles, leave a small amount of wax out of the candle container, we will need that later

14.    Wax naturally shrinks whilst cooling, this will cause a sink hole around the wick in the centre of the candle, don’t panic, this is often an unavoidable part of candle making. Allow your candles to cool at room temperature to a point where they appear to be set (a few hours later)

15.    Reheat the left-over wax to 70°C & pour the wax into the sink holes to leave a smooth flat surface.

16.    Trim the wick to 5mm – 10mm, add your candle safety sticker (CLP label if selling) & you’re done – congrats!

17.    The best way to clean waxy jugs & bowls is with warm soapy water 

Method for hob / double boiler:

1.       Cover all surfaces with kitchen roll or something similar, wax can be a pain to be clean!

2.       Apply gloves

3.       Weigh out desired amount of wax 

4.       Pour boiling water into a pan until approx. half full & place on the hob, keeping the heat low

5.       Pour your wax into the jug / bowl you are using & place your jug into the water, ensuring no water spills out of the pan & none creeps into your jug with the wax

6.       Do not leave unattended

7.       Melt soy wax to 75 degrees Celsius, no hotter

8.       When wax reaches 75 degrees, remove the bowl / jug from the hob & pour into a heat proof jug. Place the jug on a safe, even, covered surface

9.       Whilst the wax is cooling use your wick glue dots to stick your wicks to the bottom of your candle glass, ensuring they are in the middle

10.    Use your thermometer to ensure the wax is 70 degrees celsuis before adding your colour & fragrance oil (colour first, then fragrance oil)

11.    Add your desired amount of colour to the melted wax (we recommend 0.2%) at 70 degrees

12.    Also add your fragrance oil at 70 degrees (we recommend using 6% - 10% - fragrance oil should be weighed in grams on your scales)

13.    Give your wax a good stir, ensuring the colour & fragrance are blended with the wax

14.    Pour your wax into container at approx. 60-65 degrees celsuis

15.    As you are pouring the wax, ensure you are pouring gently & slowly to avoid air bubbles, leave a small amount of wax out of the candle container, we will need that later

16.    Wax naturally shrinks whilst cooling, this will cause a sink hole around the wick in the centre of the candle, don’t panic, this is an unavoidable part of candle making. Allow your candles to cool at room temperature to a point where they appear to be set (a few hours later)

17.    Reheat the left-over wax to 70°C & pour the wax into the sink holes to leave a smooth flat surface.

18.    Trim the wick to 5mm – 10mm, add your candle safety sticker (& CLP label is you are selling) & you’re done – congrats!

19.    The best way to clean waxy jugs & bowls is with warm soapy water

 Top tips:

-          Ensure you glue your wick in the centre of the candle glass, otherwise your candle will never burn evenly

-          Stick to the guidance temperatures, don’t rush the process as this will affect the performance

-          Weigh out your wax, fragrance oil & colour to avoid wastage

 

Step By Step Guide: (if you are choosing a different technique head to ‘Techniques’ to customise these guidance notes to your chosen method)

Step 1 – weighing your wax

-              fill a glass/cup/mug with wax & place on scales
-              ensure approx. 160g of wax is in your container 

Step 2 – pouring your wax into your microwave safe glass or glass bowl 

-              Pour all of your wax into your glass jug (for microwave method) or your glass bowl (for hob method)

-              Pop your jug in the microwave & set for 1 minute on full heat

-              If you are melting on the hob pop your glass bowl on top of your pre-prepared pan with boiling water inside -            Wait for your wax to melt – do not leave unattended at any point

-              If you are melting using the microwave method we recommend checking on your wax every 60 seconds 

Step 3 – check your wax!

-              Here is what you can expect to see during the melting process

-              Use your utensil to stir the wax & return to the microwave for another 60 seconds

-              If you are melting on the hob, be sure to keep your eye on the wax & stir every 60 seconds whilst maintaining the low heat 

Step 4 – glue your wicks in place 

-              Start by removing the peel from the wick dot

Step 5 – secure your wick on the wick dot

-          Place the base of your candle wick on to the sticky wick dot, this will hold the wick in place

-          Gently peel the wick dot & wick away from the paper sheet 

Step 6 – secure your wick in the candle glass 

-              Carefully guide your wick into the candle glass (avoid the sides as the wick dot is super sticky!) 

-              Ensure your wick dot & wick are in the middle of the candle glass, this is for safety purposes as well as performance purposes – a candle will never burn evenly if its wick isn’t central 

Step 7 – fragrance & colour your wax 

-           When your wax reaches 70 degrees celsuis, add your chosen colour (do not add colour if you are wanting your candle white/cream) to your bowl/jug - if using a bowl, now is a good time to pour it into a pouring jug in preparation for pouring you candle 

-           The more colour you use, the more vibrant the colour, the less you

use, the more of a pastel effect you will get

-           Give your wax a good stir for approx. 30 seconds – 1 minute

-           Now you add your fragrance; you can add anywhere from 6% - 10% of fragrance oil to your candle – this is calculated by the amount of wax you have used – stir for 30 seconds – 1 minute

-           If you weighed out 100g of wax, it’s best to use 6g – 10g of fragrance oil

-           Pour your oil into the melted wax & stir it in for approx. 1 minute, keeping an eye on the temperature 

Step 8 – pouring your candle  

-          Before pouring your candle, ensure you have some kitchen roll or newspaper to protect your surface, this can get messy! Pop your containers on the surface protector before you pour

-          Your wax should now be making its way towards 60 degrees celsuis, when it reaches 60 degrees, it’s time to pour your candle

-          Holding your jug handle firmly, gently & slowly pour the wax into your candle container (avoiding the sides of the container) – remember to leave a small amount of wax spare, we will need this later! 

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